The Red Fort, which is also called Lal Qila, was constructed by one of the most famous Mughal emperors, Shah Jahan. It has been built in 1638. It is often considered as the pinnacle of Mughal creativity. In 2007, it was declared as UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort’s massive red sandstone walls, which stand 33 high, enclose a complex of palaces and entertainment halls, projecting balconies, baths and indoor canals, and geometrical gardens, as well as an ornate mosque. Among the most famous structures of the complex are the Hall of Public Audience. In modern times, the fort is of importance to the people of India as the Indian Prime Minister delivers his Independence Day speech from the fort, every year on August 15. An evening sound and light show re-creates events in India’s history connected with the fort.
Visiting Hours : It opens from 9.30 AM to 4.30 PM. It is open on all days of the week except on Mondays.
Built of pink sandstone and marble, the temple is the spiritual center of the entire complex. The statues of Bhagwan Swaminarayan, his successors, Shri Radha-Krishna, Shri Parvati-Shiva, Shri Sita-Ram and Shri Lakshmi-Narayan reside in this intricately carved abode. Strengthening the faith of believers, blessing all aspirants and bringing peace to everyone, the Akshardham Mandir is a temple that welcomes all. Counted among the world’s wondrous houses of worship, Akshardham Temple in New Delhi showcases the blend of technical modernity with traditional architectural styles. Covering an area of over 8,000 square meters, the grandeur and wisdom behind the temple is best when experienced.
Visiting Hours : Anyone can visit temple between 10:30 AM to 6:00 PM
Jama masjid located in old city area, one of the UNESCO-World Heritage sites in Delhi. It stands across the road from Red Fort. Jama Masjid is the country’s largest and perhaps its most magnificent mosque. The great mosque of Old Delhi is the final architectural extravagance of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan with a courtyard capable of holding more than 25,000 devotees. The mosque measures 65m by 35m, and its court forms a square of 100m. Built in 1656, it is an eloquent reminder of the Mughal religious fervor. Its spacious courtyard holds thousands of the faithful who offer their prayers here. The structure was placed on a high platform so that its magnificent facade would be visible from all the adjoining areas. Wide staircases and arched gateways are the hallmark of this popular mosque. The main eastern entrance, probably used by the emperors, remains closed on weekdays. The main prayer hall on the west side is adorned by a series of high cusped arches, standing on 260 pillars which support about 15 marble domes at various elevations. Worshippers use this hall on most days but on Fridays and other holy days. The premises of the south minaret are 1076-sq-ft wide where 25,000 devotees at a time may sit together for prayer.
It combines the best of Hindu and Muslim styles of architecture. It is said that Emperor Shahjahan built Jama Masjid at the cost of Rs.10 crore and it can be called as the replica of Moti Masjid in Agra. A whole way of life, a microcosm of quintessential India resides in the shadow of this age-old monument, on its steps, in the narrow streets, narrating a tale of India’s rich cultural heritage.
Visiting Hours : Anyone can visit between 7:00AM to 6:30PM.
Chandni Chowk, is one of the oldest and busiest market in Capital city. It is believed to be the largest wholesale market in Asia. Chandni chock is shopper’s paradise. One of the grandest markets of its time, Chandni Chowk is dotted with havelis, narrow street & old building telling the stories of an era gone by. This market has some of the most well-known Indian-wear shops in the capital. Right from daily-wear sarees to bridal sarees, suits and lehengas, Chandni Chowk is truly the hub of the latest fashion at the most affordable prices. The specialty of the market lies not only in its affordability but also the modernity of patterns, designs and styles on the dress items. It has some famous food stalls.
It’s located in Nizamuddin East Delhi, Humayun’s tomb is one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993.The splendid mausoleum built in the memory of Emperor Humayun, the second Mughal ruler to ascend the throne, stands as a magnificent testament to the style of Mughal royal mausoleums. It is the first of the grand dynastic garden-tombs commissioned in. The tomb was commissioned by Bega Begum, Humayun’s Persian wife and chief consort in 1565 AD, nine years after the Emperor’s death. It was completed in 1572 AD under the patronage of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, the third Mughal ruler and Humayun’s son. Located in Nizamuddin, East Dehli, Humayun’s tomb or Makbara-e -Humayun is one of the best-preserved Mughal monuments and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1993.
The Humayun’s tomb is the starting point of the Mughal architecture in India. This style is a delightful amalgamation of the Persian, Turkish and Indian architectural influences. This genre was introduced during the reign of Akbar the Great and reached its peak during the reign of Shah Jahan, Akbar’s grandson and the fifth Mughal Emperor. Humayun’s tomb heralded the beginning of this new style in India, in both size and grandeur.
Visiting Hours : one can visit tomb between 8AM to 6PM.
Lodhi Garden one of the historical gardens in Delhi. Lodhi garden houses the tombs of Sayyid and Lodhi rulers. Lodhi garden get their name from the four monuments of the Lodi dynasty, the last of the Delhi Sultanate. It was developed during the British Period and inaugurated by Lady Willingdon on 9th April in the year 1936.The monuments around which the Lodhi gardens are laid out date back to 15th and 16th century. The tomb of Mohammed Shah, the last of the Sayyid rulers was built in 1444 by Ala-ud-din Alam Shah to pay a tribute to Muhammed Shah. The Bara Gumbad and the attached mosque were built in 1494 by during the reign of Sikander Lodi. The Sheesh Gumbad or the Glazed Dome was built around the same time but is smaller in size. The tomb of Sikander Lodi was built by Ibrahim Lodi in 1517.
It has a striking resemblance to the tomb of Mohammed Shah except for the addition of chhatris along the dome. Of mention is the ‘Atha pula Bridge’, the bridge of eight pillars. These eight pillars support the seven arches of the bridge under which waters of a lake flow. These waters are inhabited by swans. Go down to the lake for a better view. Lodhi Gardens boasts of having an excellent collection of trees including Neem, Amaltas, Moulshree, Peepal, Bargad, Gulmohar, Ashok, Silver oak, Magnolia etc. the garden is also the abode of birds like Babblers, Parakeets, Mynahs, Kites, Owls, Kingfishers etc.
The garden has become a hot spot destination for both morning and evening joggers. There is also an open gym in the complex where you can work out. Get to the gardens for walks, a run or simply to spend time with nature.
Visiting Hours : one can visit the garden between 6AM to 7PM.
Lotus temple Built by the architect Fariburz Sabha. Temple presents a breathtaking structure with deep significance, it is in line with the teachings of the Bahai faith believing in the Oneness of God, the Oneness of Religions, and the Oneness of Mankind. As such, people of all religions and races are welcome in the temple as it is a place to worship the creator of the universe and not one particular deity. There is no idol to be worshipped and people of any faith, religion, caste, creed are welcome inside. ritualistic ceremonies not allowed inside the Lotus Temple also no sermons allowed. However, you can chant or read scriptures of Bahai and other faiths too, in any language. You can even set them to music by choirs, but you cannot play any musical instrument inside the temple. The Bahai community offers four activities called the core activities for those who are interested in the Bahai way of life. These activities are Children’s? Classes, Junior Youth Classes, Devotional Meetings and Study Circles. Also known as Bahai house of worship, this temple is open to people of all religions. The use of Lotus flower also symbolizes the same, the lotus flower is commonly used in many religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam and others. It has been recognized and appreciated throughout the world. One of the most visited tourist places in Delhi with 10000 visitors daily.
Visiting Hours : one can visit temple between 9AM to 6PM.
Qutub Minar built in the 13th century, the magnificent tower stands in the capital, Delhi. It is an architectural marvel of ancient India. It has a diameter of 14.32m at the base and about 2.75m on the top with a height of 72.5m The complex has a number of other important monuments such as the gateway built in 1310, the Alai Darwaza, Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque; the tombs of Altamish, Ala-ud-din Khalji and Imam Zamin; the Alai Minar, a 7m high Iron Pillar, etc. Qutub-ud-Din Aibak of Slave Dynasty laid the foundation of Minar in A.D. 1199 for the use of mu’azzin (crier) to give calls for prayer and raised the first storey, to which were added three more storeys by his successor and son-in-law, Shams-ud-Din Itutmish A.D. 1211-36. All the storeys are surrounded by a projected balcony encircling the minar and supported by stone brackets, which are decorated with honey-comb design, more conspicuously in the first storey.
Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque, to the north-east of minar was built by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak in A.D. 1198. It is the earliest extant – mosque built by the Delhi Sultans. It consists of a rectangular courtyard enclosed by cloisters, erected with the carved columns and architectural members of 27 Hindu and Jaina temples, which were demolished by Qutub-ud-Din Aibak as recorded in his inscription on the main eastern entrance. Later, a lofty arched screen was erected, and the mosque was enlarged, by Shams-ud- Din Itutmish (A.D. 1210-35) and Ala-ud-Din Khalji. The Iron Pillar in the courtyard bears an inscription in Sanskrit in Brahmi script of fourth century A.D., according to which the pillar was set up as a Vishnudhvaja (standard of god Vishnu) on the hill known as Vishnupada in memory of a mighty king named Chandra. A deep socket on the top of the ornate capital indicates that probably an image of Garuda was fixed into it.
UNESCO has declared the highest stone tower in India as a world heritage.
Visiting Hours : one can visit Minar between 7AM to 7PM.
The India Gate is located at the heart of India’s capital city, New Delhi. About 2.3 km from the Rashtrapati Bhavan, it is located on the eastern extremity of the ceremonial boulevard, Rajpath. India Gate is a war memorial dedicated to honor the soldiers of the Undivided Indian Army who died during World War I between 1914 and 1921. War memorials are buildings, installations, statues or other edifices dedicated either to celebrate victory in war, or to pay tribute to those who died or were injured in war. Delhiites and tourists alike throng the India Gate Lawns surrounding the monument for a leisurely evening, enjoying the light show at the fountains along with snacking on street food. A National War Memorial to honor all armed forces members killed after 1947 is under construction at the ‘C’ Hexagon of India Gate. he India Gate, originally named All India War Memorial, was built to pay homage to the 82,000 soldiers of the Undivided Indian Army who lost their lives fighting for the British Empire in World War I (1914-1918) and the Third Anglo-Afghan War (1919). It was undertaken as part of the Imperial War Graves Commission (IWGC) initiated by the British Imperial Mandate in 1917.The foundation stone was laid by the visiting Duke of Connaught on 10 February 1921, at 4:30 PM, in a military ceremony attended by members of the Indian Army as well as the Imperial Service Troops. The Commander in Chief, and Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford who was the Viceroy of India at the time, was also present. The ceremony honored the 59th Scinde Rifles (Frontier Force), 3rd Sappers and Miners, Deccan Horse, 6th Jat Light Infantry, 39th Garhwal Rifles, 34th Sikh Pioneers, 117th Mahrattas, and 5th Gurkha Rifles (Frontier Force), with title of ” Royal ” in recognition of their gallant services in combat. The project was completed ten years later in 1931 and was inaugurated on February 12, 1931, by the Viceroy, Lord Irwin. Every year on 26th January, the Republic Day parade starts from the Rashtapati Bhavan (the President House) and progresses around the Gate. The parade displays the latest achievements in the field of defense technology as well as the rich cultural heritage of the country.
Visiting Hours : one can visit India gate anytime but best time to visit between 7:00PM to 9:30PM.
Raj Ghat is where Mahatma Gandhi Ji was cremated on 31st January 1948 after his assassination and his ashes were buried and hence make it his final resting place beside the sanctity of the Yamuna River. It is constructed in the shape of a large square platform laid with black marble and an eternal flame burning perpetually in one corner to symbolizing the eternity of this great leader. It is flanked with pathways made of stone stringed through the green covered lawns to arrive at the walled platform of this Memorial Site.
Raj Ghat was designed by an architect named Vanu G. Bhuta reflecting the simplicity of the life of Mahatma Gandhi Ji which also won the India Invitational Competition held by the Government of India due to the very fact that it depicts the black marbled flat platform surrounded by red colored earth as seen around the small ashrams of Gandhi Ji built like simple huts without the existence of English style lawns or gardens.
Visiting Hours : one can visit Raj ghat between 6:30AM to 7PM.
Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of India, is an imposing edifice located at the west end of the Rajpath in New Delhi with the India gate at the opposite end. Designed by Edwin Landseer Lutyens, this palatial building was the erstwhile residence of the British Viceroy. Few official residential premises of the State Heads in the world will match the Rashtrapati Bhavan in terms of its size, vastness and its magnificence.
The decision to build a residence in New Delhi for the British Viceroy was taken after it was decided that the capital of India would be shifted from Calcutta (Kolkata) to Delhi. It was constructed to affirm the permanence of British rule in India and the building and its surroundings were supposed to be ‘an empire in stone’. That ’empire in stone’ and the perpetual Durbar was transformed to be the permanent institution of democracy on 26th January 1950 when Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the first President of India and occupied this building to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of India. It was from that day that this building was renamed as Rashtrapati Bhavan – the President’s House.
The building completed in 1929, was scheduled to be constructed in four years but it took 17 years to complete it. This vast mansion has got four floors and 340 rooms. With a floor area of 200,000 square feet, it is built by using 700 million bricks and three million cubic feet of stone. Hardly any steel has gone into the construction of the building. The building is built in two shades of sandstone and reflects a blend of Mughal and classical European style of architecture. The most prominent and distinguishing aspect of Rashtrapati Bhavan is its huge dome that is structured in the pattern of the great Stupa at Sanchi. The dome is visible from a distance and surmounts a long colonnade, which adds to the magnificence of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
The Durbar Hall, Ashoka Hall, Marble Hall, North Drawing Room, Nalanda Suite are so decorated that any onlooker can easily fall in awe of their beauty and grandeur. Inside the Presidential Estate there is the elegant Mughal Gardens, which covers an area of 13 acres and is a blend of the formal Mughal style with the design of a British Garden. The Main Garden is the largest portion of the Mughal Gardens, the “piece de resistance”. It measures 200 meters by 175 meters. On the north and south it is flanked by terrace gardens and to its west are the tennis courts and the long garden.
Visiting Hours : one can visit Rashtrapati bhavan between 9:30AM to 5PM.
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